verb (used without object), dwelt or dwelled, dwelling.
to live or stay as a permanent resident; reside.
to live or continue in a given condition or state: to dwell in happiness.
to linger over, emphasize, or ponder in thought, speech, or writing (often followed by on or upon ): to dwell on a particular point in an argument.
(of a moving tool or machine part) to be motionless for a certain interval during operation.
a flat or cylindrical area on a cam for maintaining a follower in a certain position during part of a cycle.
a period in a cycle in the operation of a machine or engine during which a given part remains motionless.

before 900; Middle English dwellen to lead astray, stun, abide, Old English dwellan to lead or go astray, hinder; cognate with Old Norse dvelja

dweller, noun
outdwell, verb (used with object), outdwelt or outdwelled, outdwelling.
predwell, verb (used without object)
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
dwell (dwɛl)
vb , dwells, dwelling, dwelt, dwelled
1.  formal, literary to live as a permanent resident
2.  to live (in a specified state): to dwell in poverty
3.  a regular pause in the operation of a machine
4.  a flat or constant-radius portion on a linear or rotary cam enabling the cam follower to remain static for a brief time
[Old English dwellan to seduce, get lost; related to Old Saxon bidwellian to prevent, Old Norse dvelja, Old High German twellen to prevent]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. dwellan "to mislead, deceive," originally "to make a fool of, lead astray," from P.Gmc. *dwaljanan (cf. O.N. dvöl "delay," dvali "sleep;" M.Du. dwellen "to stun, make giddy, perplex;" Dan. dvale "trance, stupor," dvaelbær "narcotic berry," source of M.E. dwale "nightshade"), from PIE
*dhwel-. Related to O.E. gedweola "error, heresy, madness." Sense shifted in M.E. through "hinder, delay," to "linger" (c.1200, as still in phrase to dwell upon), to "make a home" (mid-13c.). Related: Dwelled; dweller; dwells.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Bible Dictionary

Dwell definition

Tents were in primitive times the common dwellings of men. Houses were afterwards built, the walls of which were frequently of mud (Job 24:16; Matt. 6:19, 20) or of sun-dried bricks. God "dwells in light" (1 Tim. 6:16; 1 John 1:7), in heaven (Ps. 123:1), in his church (Ps. 9:11; 1 John 4:12). Christ dwelt on earth in the days of his humiliation (John 1:14). He now dwells in the hearts of his people (Eph. 3:17-19). The Holy Spirit dwells in believers (1 Cor. 3:16; 2 Tim. 1:14). We are exhorted to "let the word of God dwell in us richly" (Col. 3:16; Ps. 119:11). Dwell deep occurs only in Jer. 49:8, and refers to the custom of seeking refuge from impending danger, in retiring to the recesses of rocks and caverns, or to remote places in the desert.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
Happy those sacred ramparts, thrice happy the dwellers on that all-seeing
They were large-bodied ground dwellers that stood up and walked on two legs.
Nigeriens walk with the graceful lope of desert dwellers.
For a number of island dwellers, the self-let alone self-presentation-must not
  be questioned, for fear of not fitting in.
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