an adjective suffix occurring with names of directions: northern; southern.

Middle English, Old English -erne; cognate with Old High German -rōni (as in nordrōni northern) Unabridged


Also, ern.

before 1000; Middle English ern, arn, Old English earn; cognate with Old High German arn (German Aar), Middle Low German arn(e); akin to Lithuanian erẽlis eagle, Greek órnīs bird Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
erne or ern (ɜːn)
another name for the (European) sea eagle
[Old English earn; related to Old Norse örn eagle, Old High German aro eagle, Greek ornis bird]
ern or ern
[Old English earn; related to Old Norse örn eagle, Old High German aro eagle, Greek ornis bird]

Erne (ɜːn)
a river in N central Republic of Ireland, rising in County Cavan and flowing north across the border, through Upper Lough Erne and Lower Lough Erne and then west to Donegal Bay. Length: about 96 km (60 miles)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

"sea eagle," from O.E. earn "eagle," a common Gmc. word (cf. O.H.G. arn, M.Du. arent, Goth. ara "eagle," also surviving in the first element of old Gmc. names such as Arnold and Arthur), from PIE base *er-/*or- "great bird, eagle" (cf. Gk. ornis "bird," O.C.S. orilu, Lith. erelis, Welsh eryr "eagle").
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Abbreviations & Acronyms
Eritrea—nakfa (currency)
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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