El Salvador

El Salvador

[el sal-vuh-dawr; Spanish el sahl-vah-thawr]
noun
a republic in NW Central America. 13,176 sq. mi. (34,125 sq. km). Capital: San Salvador.
Also called Salvador.
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World English Dictionary
El Salvador (ɛl ˈsælvəˌdɔː)
 
n
a republic in Central America, on the Pacific: colonized by the Spanish from 1524; declared independence in 1841, becoming a republic in 1856. It consists of coastal lowlands rising to a central plateau. Coffee constitutes over a third of the total exports. Official language: Spanish. Religion: Roman Catholic majority. Currency: US dollar. Capital: San Salvador. Pop: 6 614 000 (2004 est). Area: 21 393 sq km (8236 sq miles)
 
Salva'doran
 
adj, —n
 
Salva'dorean
 
adj, —n
 
Salva'dorian
 
adj, —n

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Cultural Dictionary

El Salvador definition


Republic on the Pacific coast of Central America, bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the north and east by Honduras, and to the south by the Pacific Ocean. San Salvador is its capital and largest city.

Note: Torn by civil unrest and characterized by guerrilla warfare and terrorism (which has included the murder of American civilians), El Salvador became in the 1980s a controversial focus of an American foreign policy that sought to protect American interests in Central America. Unrest eased in the 1990s.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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