|emerald (ˈɛmərəld, ˈɛmrəld)|
|1.||a green transparent variety of beryl: highly valued as a gem|
|2.||a. the clear green colour of an emerald|
|b. (as adjective): an emerald carpet|
|3.||(formerly) a size of printer's type approximately equal to 6½ point|
|4.||short for emerald moth|
|[C13: from Old French esmeraude, from Latin smaragdus, from Greek smaragdos; related to Sanskrit marakata emerald]|
"In early examples the word, like most other names of precious stones, is of vague meaning; the mediæval references to the stone are often based upon the descriptions given by classical writers of the smaragdus, the identity of which with our emerald is doubtful." [OED]
|emerald (ěm'ər-əld) Pronunciation Key
A transparent, green form of the mineral beryl. It is valued as a gem.
Heb. nophek (Ex. 28:18; 39:11); i.e., the "glowing stone", probably the carbuncle, a precious stone in the breastplate of the high priest. It is mentioned (Rev. 21:19) as one of the foundations of the New Jerusalem. The name given to this stone in the New Testament Greek is smaragdos, which means "live coal."