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enteritis

[en-tuh-rahy-tis] /ˌɛn təˈraɪ tɪs/
noun
1.
Pathology. inflammation of the intestines, especially the small intestine.
2.
Veterinary Pathology, distemper1 (def 1c).
Origin
1800-1810
1800-10; < Neo-Latin; see enter-, -itis
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for enteritis

enteritis

/ˌɛntəˈraɪtɪs/
noun
1.
inflammation of the small intestine
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for enteritis
n.

1808, medical Latin, coined c.1750 by French pathologist François-Boissier de la Croix de Sauvages (1706-1767), from enteron "intestine" (see enteric) + -itis.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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enteritis in Medicine

enteritis en·ter·i·tis (ěn'tə-rī'tĭs)
n.
Inflammation of the intestinal tract, especially of the small intestine.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Article for enteritis

inflammation of the intestines (especially of the small intestine), caused by irritants, poisons, viral or bacterial infections, or unknown factors. The symptoms are extremely variable but usually include continuous or intermittent diarrhea, occasionally bloody, accompanied by painful abdominal cramps. Fever is common and sometimes overshadows the digestive symptoms; serious complications may occur, especially in infants and the elderly. Enterocolitis involves the colon as well as the small intestine, and gastroenteritis includes stomach inflammation. Regional enteritis (ileitis, or Crohn disease) is a chronic inflammation that, in its classic form, is confined to the terminal portion of the ileum, the portion of the small intestine farthest from the stomach. In all forms of enteritis, treatment is usually directed toward relief of symptoms, with anti-inflammatory agents playing an important role.

Learn more about enteritis with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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