Essene

Essene

[es-een, e-seen]
noun Judaism.
a member of a Palestinian sect, characterized by asceticism, celibacy, and joint holding of property, that flourished from the 2nd century b.c. to the 2nd century a.d.

Essenian [e-see-nee-uhn] , Essenic [e-sen-ik] , adjective
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World English Dictionary
Essene (ˈɛsiːn, ɛˈsiːn)
 
n
Judaism a member of an ascetic sect that flourished in Palestine from the second century bc to the second century ad, living in strictly organized communities
 
Essenian
 
adj
 
Essenic
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Essene
1553, member of a Jewish sect (first recorded 2c. B.C.E.), from L., from Gk. Essenoi, of disputed etymology, perhaps from Heb. tzenum "the modest ones," or Heb. hashaim "the silent ones." Klein suggests Syriac hasen, pl. absolute state of hase "pious."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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