9 Grammatical Pitfalls


[ih-streynj] /ɪˈstreɪndʒ/
verb (used with object), estranged, estranging.
to turn away in feeling or affection; make unfriendly or hostile; alienate the affections of:
Their quarrel estranged the two friends.
to remove to or keep at a distance:
The necessity for traveling on business has estranged him from his family.
to divert from the original use or possessor.
Origin of estrange
1475-85; < Middle French, Old French estranger; cognate with Portuguese estranhar, Spanish estrañar, Italian straniare < Medieval Latin exstrāneāre to treat as a stranger. See strange
Related forms
estrangement, noun
estranger, noun
self-estrangement, noun
Estrange, alienate, disaffect share the sense of causing (someone) to turn away from a previously held state of affection, comradeship, or allegiance. Estrange often implies replacement of love or belonging by apathy or hostility: erstwhile lovers estranged by a misunderstanding. Alienate often calls attention to the cause of antagonism or separation: His inconsiderate behavior alienated both friends and family. Disaffect usually refers to relationships involving allegiance or loyalty rather than love or affection: disaffected workers, demoralized by ill-considered management policies. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for estrangement
  • It could be called encampment, or maybe estrangement.
  • But his estrangement from the drafting table didn't last long.
  • Then they talked for hours, crying over their estrangement.
  • Above all, it shows how the photographer projected her inner torment and sense of estrangement onto her unsuspecting sitters.
  • The estrangement has involved widely differing views of the political and military situation.
  • From there the brothers took differing paths that would culminate in their estrangement.
  • These lines are redolent with depression and the sense of estrangement from humanity which depression fosters.
  • Marital estrangement is measured not in agony-and-ecstasy emotions, but in prosaic daily deprivations.
  • The isolation imposed by island living is mirrored in the couple's welling estrangement.
  • As a result it often happens long term personal and family estrangement occurs.
British Dictionary definitions for estrangement


verb (transitive)
(usually passive) often foll by from. to separate and live apart from (one's spouse): he is estranged from his wife
(usually passive) often foll by from. to antagonize or lose the affection of (someone previously friendly); alienate
Derived Forms
estrangement, noun
Word Origin
C15: from Old French estranger, from Late Latin extrāneāre to treat as a stranger, from Latin extrāneus foreign; see strange
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for estrangement

1650s, from estrange + -ment.



late 15c., from Middle French estrangier "to alienate," from Vulgar Latin *extraneare "to treat as a stranger," from Latin extraneus "foreign" (see strange). Related: Estranged.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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