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city, central Guangdong sheng (province), China. It is situated in the Pearl (Zhu) River Delta 10 miles (16 km) southwest of Guangzhou (Canton), on a spur of the Guangzhou-Sanshui railway. From the time of the Qin dynasty (221-207 BCE) to that of the Southern Dynasties (Nanchao) period (420-589 CE), Foshan was a village subordinate to Panyu county. During the Sui dynasty (581-618) the village, then called Jihua Xiang, was subordinate to Nanhai county. In 628, during the Tang dynasty (618-907), when three bronze Buddha statues were unearthed by local villagers, the site of the current city began to be called by its present name of Foshan, which means "Buddha's Mountain."