Music. a polyphonic composition based upon one, two, or more themes, which are enunciated by several voices or parts in turn, subjected to contrapuntal treatment, and gradually built up into a complex form having somewhat distinct divisions or stages of development and a marked climax at the end.
Psychiatry. a period during which a person suffers from loss of memory, often begins a new life, and, upon recovery, remembers nothing of the amnesic phase.

1590–1600; < French < Italian fuga < Latin: flight

fuguelike, adjective
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World English Dictionary
fugue (fjuːɡ)
1.  a musical form consisting essentially of a theme repeated a fifth above or a fourth below the continuing first statement
2.  psychiatry a dreamlike altered state of consciousness, lasting from a few hours to several days, during which a person loses his or her memory for his or her previous life and often wanders away from home
[C16: from French, from Italian fuga, from Latin: a running away, flight]

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Word Origin & History

1597, from It. fuga, lit. "flight," from L. fuga "act of fleeing," from fugere "to flee" (see fugitive). Current spelling is from influence of Fr. version of the It. word. Defined in Elson's Music Dictionary as "a composition in strict style, in which one subject is proposed
by one part and answered by other parts, according to certain rules."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

fugue (fyōōg)
A pathological amnesiac condition that may persist for several months and usually results from severe mental stress, in which one is apparently conscious of one's actions but has no recollection of them after returning to a normal state.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Computing Dictionary

Fugue definition

language, music
A music language implemented in Xlisp.
["Fugue: A Functional Language for Sound Synthesis", R.B. Dannenberg et al, Computer 24(7):36-41 (Jul 1991)].

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Example sentences
Dissociative fugue or dissociative amnesia is a rare but intriguing emotional
Maybe novelists can go into some kind of fugue state while they're writing and
  it's enjoyable.
Even in this fugue of misery, they understand and accept the situation.
Hung together, my art made for a kind of fugue in which each painting is a
  variation on a basic theme.
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