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city, Kanagawa ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan, on Sagami Bay of the Pacific Ocean. It was a post town during the Tokugawa period (1603-1867) and is the site of the Shojoko Temple (Yugyo Temple; 1325), the main temple of the Buddhist Ji sect. After the Tokaido Line (railway) was opened in 1889, Fujisawa grew as a residential suburb of the Tokyo-Yokohama metropolitan area. The northern part of the city was the site of industrial development (automobiles, electric appliances) after World War II. To the south is Kugenuma beach and the resorts of Katase and Eno Island. The yacht harbour on Eno Island was the site of the sailing competitions of the Tokyo Olympic Games of 1964. Pop. (2005) 396,014.