galliard

[gal-yerd]
noun
a spirited dance for two dancers in triple rhythm, common in the 16th and 17th centuries.
Also, gaillard.


Origin:
1525–35; < Middle French gaillard, noun use of adj.: lively, vigorous (> Middle English gaillard, late Middle English galyarde), probably < Gallo-Romance *galia < Celtic (compare MIr gal warlike ardor, valor); see -ard

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galliard (ˈɡæljəd)
 
n
1.  a spirited dance in triple time for two persons, popular in the 16th and 17th centuries
2.  a piece of music composed for this dance
 
adj
3.  archaic lively; spirited
 
[C14: from Old French gaillard valiant, perhaps of Celtic origin]

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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

galliard

(French gaillard: "lively"), vigorous 16th-century European court dance. Its four hopping steps and one high leap permitted athletic gentlemen to show off for their partners. Performed as the afterdance of the stately pavane, the galliard originated in 15th-century Italy. It was especially fashionable from c. 1530 to 1620 in France, Spain, and England, where it was often called the cinquepace after its five basic steps (French cinqpas). Queen Elizabeth I is said to have practiced galliards as her morning exercise

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
There might she learn to trip a coranto or galliard with the best of them.
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