gambit

[gam-bit]
noun
1.
Chess. an opening in which a player seeks to obtain some advantage by sacrificing a pawn or piece.
2.
any maneuver by which one seeks to gain an advantage.
3.
a remark made to open or redirect a conversation.

Origin:
1650–60; < French < Spanish gambito or Italian gambetto (akin to Old French gambet, jambet), equivalent to gamb(a) leg + -etta -et

gambit, gamut, gantlet, gauntlet.


2. ploy, stratagem, scheme, ruse.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
gambit (ˈɡæmbɪt)
 
n
1.  chess an opening move in which a chessman, usually a pawn, is sacrificed to secure an advantageous position
2.  an opening comment, manoeuvre, etc, intended to secure an advantage or promote a point of view
 
[C17: from French, from Italian gambetto a tripping up, from gamba leg]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

gambit
"chess opening in which a pawn is risked for advantage later," 1656, gambett, from It. gambetto, lit. "a tripping up" (as a trick in wrestling), from gamba "leg," from L.L. gamba (see gambol). Applied to chess openings in Sp. in 1561 by Ruy Lopez, who traced it to the It.
word, but the form in Sp. was generally gambito which led to Fr. gambit, which has infl. the Eng. spelling of the word. Broader sense of "opening move meant to gain advantage" is first recorded in Eng. 1855.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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FOLDOC
Computing Dictionary

Gambit definition

language
A variant of Scheme R3.99 supporting the future construct of Multilisp by Marc Feeley feeley@iro.umontreal.ca. Implementation includes optimising compilers for Macintosh (with Toolbox and built-in editor) and Motorola 680x0 Unix systems and HP300, BBN GP100 and NeXT. Version 2.0 conforms to the IEEE Scheme standard.
Gambit used PVM as its intermediate language.
(ftp://acorn.cs.brandeis.edu/dist), (ftp://ftp.cso.uiuc.edu/pub/amiga/fish/f7/ff764/Gambit_Terp). (ftp://ftp.iro.umontreal.ca/pub/parallele/gambit/).
Mailing list: gambit@trex.umontreal.ca.
(1998-02-10)
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Example sentences
The early, aggressive discounts are opening gambit in what's expected to be a
  positive selling season for toys.
It might be a gambit to get you to back down.
You can't chip away at the defenses one objective at a time, it's usually an
  all or nothing gambit.
The book-inside-a-book-inside-a-book ad infinitum gambit may well tantalize the
  very young.
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