Gelsenkirchen

Collins
World English Dictionary
Gelsenkirchen (German ɡɛlzənˈkɪrçən)
 
n
an industrial city in W Germany, in North Rhine-Westphalia. Pop: 272 445 (2003 est)

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Encyclopedia Britannica
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gelsenkirchen

city, North Rhine-Westphalia Land (state), western Germany. It lies just north of Essen. Gelsenkirchen was a village of fewer than 1,000 inhabitants in 1850, but the opening in 1853 of its first coal mine and its favourable position on the Rhine-Herne Canal stimulated its rapid development as a Ruhr inland port and industrial centre. It was chartered in 1875 and absorbed the neighbouring towns of Buer and Horst in 1928.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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