9 Grammatical Pitfalls


[jee-og-ruh-fee] /dʒiˈɒg rə fi/
noun, plural geographies.
the science dealing with the areal differentiation of the earth's surface, as shown in the character, arrangement, and interrelations over the world of such elements as climate, elevation, soil, vegetation, population, land use, industries, or states, and of the unit areas formed by the complex of these individual elements.
the study of this science.
the topographical features of a region, usually of the earth, sometimes of the planets.
a book dealing with this science or study, as a textbook.
the arrangement of features of any complex entity:
the geography of the mind.
Origin of geography
1535-45; < Latin geōgraphia < Greek geōgraphía earth description. See geo-, -graphy Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for geography
  • But on land the arbitrariness of political geography becomes swiftly apparent.
  • Knowing geography helps kids to understand what is happening in the world.
  • In fact, there was hardly any geography at all in those days.
  • And since it's best to use Kentucky limestone water, that limits the geography too.
  • The type you need depends on geography, surrounding building height and station signal strengths.
  • Some winners may also emerge on the basis of geography.
  • Throw in tides, wind and a shifting geography, and it's no wonder pirates came here.
  • Towards a theory of modern human origins: geography, demography, and diversity in recent human evolution.
  • Trying to chart the cloud's geography can be daunting, a task that is further complicated by security concerns.
  • And if the surrounding geography prohibits a quick walk to a convenience store, the prices are likely to be even higher.
British Dictionary definitions for geography


noun (pl) -phies
the study of the natural features of the earth's surface, including topography, climate, soil, vegetation, etc, and man's response to them
the natural features of a region
an arrangement of constituent parts; plan; layout
Derived Forms
geographer, noun
geographical (ˌdʒɪəˈɡræfɪkəl), geographic, adjective
geographically, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for geography

1540s, from Middle French géographie (15c.), from Latin geographia, from Greek geographia "description of the earth's surface," from geo- "earth" + -graphia "description" (see -graphy).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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geography in Science
  1. The scientific study of the Earth's surface and its various climates, countries, peoples, and natural resources.

  2. The physical characteristics, especially the surface features, of an area.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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