a hypothetical landmass in the Southern Hemisphere that separated toward the end of the Paleozoic Era to form South America, Africa, Antarctica, and Australia.
Also called Gondwanaland.
Compare Laurasia.


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World English Dictionary
Gondwanaland or Gondwana (ɡɒndˈwɑːnəˌlænd)
one of the two ancient supercontinents produced by the first split of the even larger supercontinent Pangaea about 200 million years ago, comprising chiefly what are now Africa, South America, Australia, Antarctica, and the Indian subcontinent
[C19: from Gondwana region in central north India, where the rock series was originally found]
Gondwana or Gondwana
[C19: from Gondwana region in central north India, where the rock series was originally found]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

name of a region in north central India, from Skt. gondavana, from vana "forest" + Gonda, name of a Dravidian people, lit. "fleshy navel, outie belly-button." The name was extended by geologists to a series of sedimentary rocks found there (1873), then to identical rocks in other places; the fossils
found in this series were used by geologists to reconstruct the ancient southern supercontinent, which was thus called Gondwanaland (1896), from Ger., where it was coined by Ger. geologist Eduard Suess (18311914) in 1885.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
Gondwanaland   (gŏnd-wä'nə-lānd')  Pronunciation Key 
A supercontinent of the Southern Hemisphere made up of the landmasses that currently correspond to India, Australia, Antarctica, and South America. According to the theory of plate tectonics, Gondwanaland separated from Pangaea at the end of the Paleozoic Era and broke up into the current continents in the middle of the Mesozoic Era. Compare Laurasia.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
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