gonfalon

gonfalon

[gon-fuh-luhn]
noun
1.
a banner suspended from a crossbar, often with several streamers or tails.
2.
a standard, especially one used by the medieval Italian republics.

Origin:
1585–95; < Italian gonfalone < Middle French gonfalon, gonfanon < Germanic; see gonfanon

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World English Dictionary
gonfalon or gonfanon (ˈɡɒnfələn, ˈɡɒnfənən)
 
n
1.  a banner hanging from a crossbar, used esp by certain medieval Italian republics or in ecclesiastical processions
2.  a battle flag suspended crosswise on a staff, usually having a serrated edge to give the appearance of streamers
 
[C16: from Old Italian gonfalone, from Old French gonfalon, of Germanic origin; compare Old English gūthfana war banner, Old Norse gunnfani]
 
gonfanon or gonfanon
 
n
 
[C16: from Old Italian gonfalone, from Old French gonfalon, of Germanic origin; compare Old English gūthfana war banner, Old Norse gunnfani]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

gonfalon
1595, variant of M.E. gonfanon (c.1300), from O.Fr. gonfanon "knight's pennon," from O.H.G. guntfano "battle flag," from P.Gmc. *gunthja- "war" + *fano "banner" (cf. Goth. fana "cloth"). Cognate with O.E. guþfana, O.N. gunnfani. Change of -n- to -l- by dissimilation.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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