|1.||Arthur. 1872--1922, Irish journalist and nationalist: founder of Sinn Féin (1905); president of the Free State assembly (1922)|
|2.||D(avid Lewelyn) W(ark). 1875--1948, US film director and producer. He introduced several cinematic techniques, including the flashback and the fade-out, in his masterpiece The Birth of a Nation (1915)|
|a screen or mat covered with a dark material for shielding a camera lens from excess light or glare.|
|a fool or simpleton; ninny.|
town, south-central New South Wales, southeastern Australia, in the Murrumbidgee Irrigation Area. Surveyed in 1916 and designed by the U.S. architect Walter Burley Griffin, it was proclaimed a town in 1918 and named after Arthur Griffith, then state minister for public works. It was subsequently the site of a large post-World War II soldier (veterans) settlement program. The town serves an area of intensive farming (cattle, wheat, rice, sheep, fruits, grapes, and vegetables). Secondary industries include fruit and vegetable packing, wine making, rice milling, and engineering works. Gypsum deposits are worked locally. Griffith has air, rail, and road connections to Sydney (296 miles [476 km] east). Pop. (2001) 16,003.
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