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groschen

[groh-shuh n] /ˈgroʊ ʃən/
noun, plural groschen.
1.
a zinc or aluminum coin of Austria until the euro was adopted, the 100th part of a schilling.
2.
a German 10-pfennig piece made of nickel.
3.
any of the silver coins of various German regions first introduced in the 13th century.
Origin
1610-1620
1610-20; < German; Middle High German grosse, grosze < Latin (denārius) grossus thick (coin); akin to groat
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for groschen

groschen

/ˈɡrəʊʃən; German ˈɡrɔʃən/
noun (pl) -schen
1.
a former Austrian monetary unit worth one hundredth of a schilling
2.
a former German coin worth ten pfennigs
3.
a former German silver coin
Word Origin
C17: from German: Bohemian dialect alteration of Middle High German grosse, from Medieval Latin (denarius) grossus thick (penny); see gross, groat
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for groschen
n.

1610s, small silver coin formerly used in Germany and Austria, from German groschen, altered from Czech groš, name of a coin (about one-thirtieth of a thaler), from Medieval Latin (denarius) grossus, literally "a thick coin," from Latin grossus "thick" (see gross, and cf. groat).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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