noun, plural groschen.
a zinc or aluminum coin of Austria until the euro was adopted, the 100th part of a schilling.
a German 10-pfennig piece made of nickel.
any of the silver coins of various German regions first introduced in the 13th century.

1610–20; < German; Middle High German grosse, grosze < Latin (denārius) grossus thick (coin); akin to groat Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
groschen (ˈɡrəʊʃən, German ˈɡrɔʃən)
n , pl -schen
1.  a former Austrian monetary unit worth one hundredth of a schilling
2.  a former German coin worth ten pfennigs
3.  a former German silver coin
[C17: from German: Bohemian dialect alteration of Middle High German grosse, from Medieval Latin (denarius) grossus thick (penny); see gross, groat]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1617, small silver coin formerly used in Germany and Austria, from Ger. dim. of Czech gro, name of a coin (about one-thirtieth of a thaler), from M.L. (denarius) grossus, lit. "a thick coin," from L. grossus "thick" (see gross).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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