gulag

gulag

[goo-lahg]
noun (sometimes initial capital letter)
1.
the system of forced-labor camps in the Soviet Union.
2.
a Soviet forced-labor camp.
3.
any prison or detention camp, especially for political prisoners.

Origin:
1970–75; < Russian Gulág, acronym from Glávnoe upravlénie ispravítelʾno-trudovýkh lageréĭ Main Directorate of Corrective Labor Camps

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World English Dictionary
Gulag (ˈɡuːlæɡ)
 
n
1.  (formerly) the central administrative department of the Soviet security service, established in 1930, responsible for maintaining prisons and forced labour camps
2.  (not capital) any system used to silence dissents
 
[C20: from Russian G(lavnoye) U(pravleniye Ispravitelno-Trudovykh) Lag(erei) Main Administration for Corrective Labour Camps]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

gulag
system of prisons and labor camps, especially for political detainees, in the former Soviet Union; rough acronym from Rus. Glavnoe upravlenie ispravitel'no-trudovykh lagerei "Chief Administration of Corrective Labor Camps," set up in 1931.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
gulag [(gooh-lahg)]

A system of prison camps inside the former Soviet Union used for political prisoners. Under Joseph Stalin, millions of prisoners in these camps died from starvation and maltreatment. This system was given worldwide attention in the writings of Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn. Gulag is an acronym in Russian of the name meaning Chief Administration of Corrective Labor Camps.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
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