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Hades

[hey-deez] /ˈheɪ diz/
noun
1.
Classical Mythology.
  1. the underworld inhabited by departed souls.
  2. the god ruling the underworld; Pluto.
2.
(in the Revised Version of the New Testament) the abode or state of the dead.
3.
(often lowercase) hell.
Origin
1590-1600
1590-1600
Related forms
Hadean
[hey-dee-uh n, hey-dee-uh n] /heɪˈdi ən, ˈheɪ di ən/ (Show IPA),
adjective

hade

[heyd] /heɪd/
noun
1.
Geology. the angle between a fault plane and the vertical, measured perpendicular to the strike of the fault; complement of the dip.
2.
Mining. the inclination of a vein or seam from the vertical.
verb (used without object), haded, hading.
3.
(of a fault, vein, or seam) to incline from a vertical position.
Origin
1675-85; origin uncertain
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Hades

Hades

/ˈheɪdiːz/
noun
1.
(Greek myth)
  1. the underworld abode of the souls of the dead
  2. Pluto, the god of the underworld, brother of Zeus and husband of Persephone
2.
(New Testament) the abode or state of the dead
3.
(often not capital) (informal) hell
Derived Forms
Hadean (heɪˈdiːən; ˈheɪdɪən) adjective

hade

/heɪd/
noun
1.
the angle made to the vertical by the plane of a fault or vein
verb
2.
(obsolete) (intransitive) (of faults or veins) to incline from the vertical
Word Origin
C18: of unknown origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Hades

1590s, from Greek Haides, in Homer the name of the god of the underworld, of unknown origin. Perhaps literally "the invisible" [Watkins]. The name of the god transferred in later Greek writing to his kingdom. Related: Hadal (adj.), 1964; Hadean.

hade

n.

Old English had "person, individual, character, individuality; condition, state, nature; sex, race, family, tribe;" see -hood. Obsolete after 14c. Cognate with Old Saxon hed "condition, rank, Old Norse heiðr "honor, dignity," Old High German heit, Gothic haidus "way, manner."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Hades in Culture
Hades

[Roman name Pluto]

The Greek and Roman god of the underworld and the ruler of the dead. Also called Dis. The underworld itself was also known to the Greeks as Hades.

Note: The Greek and Roman underworld later became associated with the hell of Christianity, as in the expression “hot as Hades.”
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Hades in the Bible

that which is out of sight, a Greek word used to denote the state or place of the dead. All the dead alike go into this place. To be buried, to go down to the grave, to descend into hades, are equivalent expressions. In the LXX. this word is the usual rendering of the Hebrew sheol, the common receptacle of the departed (Gen. 42:38; Ps. 139:8; Hos. 13:14; Isa. 14:9). This term is of comparatively rare occurrence in the Greek New Testament. Our Lord speaks of Capernaum as being "brought down to hell" (hades), i.e., simply to the lowest debasement, (Matt. 11:23). It is contemplated as a kind of kingdom which could never overturn the foundation of Christ's kingdom (16:18), i.e., Christ's church can never die. In Luke 16:23 it is most distinctly associated with the doom and misery of the lost. In Acts 2:27-31 Peter quotes the LXX. version of Ps. 16:8-11, plainly for the purpose of proving our Lord's resurrection from the dead. David was left in the place of the dead, and his body saw corruption. Not so with Christ. According to ancient prophecy (Ps. 30:3) he was recalled to life.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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