hock

1 [hok]
noun
1.
the joint in the hind leg of a horse, cow, etc., above the fetlock joint, corresponding anatomically to the ankle in humans. See diag. under horse.
2.
a corresponding joint in a fowl.
verb (used with object)
3.
to hamstring.

Origin:
1375–1425; variant of dial. hough, Middle English ho(u)gh, apparently back formation from late Middle English hokschyn, etc., Old English hōhsinu hock (literally, heel) sinew; see heel1

Dictionary.com Unabridged

hock

2 [hok]
noun Chiefly British.
any white Rhine wine.

Origin:
1615–25; short for Hockamore Hochheimer

hock

3 [hok]
verb (used with object)
1.
noun
2.
the state of being deposited or held as security; pawn: She was forced to put her good jewelry in hock.
3.
the condition of owing; debt: After the loan was paid, he was finally out of hock.

Origin:
1855–60, Americanism; < Dutch hok kennel, sty, pen, (informal) miserable place to live, prison

hocker, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
hock1 (hɒk)
 
n
1.  the joint at the tarsus of a horse or similar animal, pointing backwards and corresponding to the human ankle
2.  the corresponding joint in domestic fowl
 
vb
3.  another word for hamstring
 
[C16: short for hockshin, from Old English hōhsinu heel sinew]

hock2 (hɒk)
 
n
1.  any of several white wines from the German Rhine
2.  (not in technical usage) any dry white wine
 
[C17: short for obsolete hockamoreHochheimer]

hock3 (hɒk)
 
vb
1.  (tr) to pawn or pledge
 
n
2.  the state of being in pawn (esp in the phrase in hock)
3.  in hock
 a.  in prison
 b.  in debt
 c.  in pawn
 
[C19: from Dutch hok prison, debt]
 
'hocker3
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

hock
"joint in the hind leg of a horse," 1540, earlier hockshin, from O.E. hoh-sinu "Achilles' tendon," lit. "heel sinew," from hoh "heel," from P.Gmc. *khankha- (cf. Ger. Hachse "hock," O.E. hæla "heel").

hock
"Rhenish wine," 1625, shortening of Hockamore, from Ger. Hochheimer, from Hochheim, town on the Main where wine was made, sense extended to Ger. white wines in general.

hock
"pawn, debt," first recorded 1859 in Amer.Eng. as in hock, which meant both "in debt" and "in prison," from Du. hok "jail, pen, doghouse." The verb is 1878, from the noun.
"When one gambler is caught by another, smarter than himself, and is beat, then he is in hock. Men are only caught, or put in hock, on the race-tracks, or on the steamboats down South. ... Among thieves a man is in hock when he is in prison." [G.W. Matsell, "Vocabulum," 1859]
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang Dictionary

hock definition


  1. tv.
    to pawn something. : I tried to hock my watch to get some money.
  2. n.
    a foot. : My hocks are sore from all that walking.
Dictionary of American Slang and Colloquial Expressions by Richard A. Spears.Fourth Edition.
Copyright 2007. Published by McGraw-Hill Education.
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Example sentences
The major economies have put their populations into hock for years ahead to
  sustain a faulty system.
For whether students lose interest or leave their places, they and their
  families are now in hock to the eyeballs.
Or, in a pot, render out a bit of fat from a ham hock by browning it.
Because a loan is secured by the piece in hock, risk is finite.
Synonyms
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