Huguenot

Huguenot

[hyoo-guh-not or, often, yoo-]
noun
a member of the Reformed or Calvinistic communion of France in the 16th and 17th centuries; a French Protestant.

Origin:
1555–65; < French, perhaps blend of Hugues (name of a political leader in Geneva) and eidgenot, back formation from eidgenots, Swiss variant of German Eidgenoss confederate, literally, oath comrade

Huguenotic, adjective
Huguenotism, noun
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World English Dictionary
Huguenot (ˈhjuːɡəˌnəʊ, -ˌnɒt)
 
n
1.  a French Calvinist, esp of the 16th or 17th centuries
 
adj
2.  designating the French Protestant Church
 
[C16: from French, from Genevan dialect eyguenot one who opposed annexation by Savoy, ultimately from Swiss German Eidgenoss confederate; influenced by Hugues, surname of 16th-century Genevan burgomaster]
 
Hugue'notic
 
adj
 
'Huguenotism
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

Huguenot
1562, from M.Fr., according to Fr. sources originally political, not religious. The name was applied in 1520s to Genevan partisans opposed to the Duke of Savoy (who joined Geneva to the Swiss Confederation), and it is probably an alteration of Swiss Ger. Eidgenoss "confederate," from M.H.G. eitgenoze,
from eit "oath" + genoze "comrade" (related to O.E. geneat "comrade, companion"). The form of the Fr. word probably alt. by assoc. with Hugues Besançon, leader of the Genevan partisans. In Fr., applied generally to Fr. Protestants because Geneva was a Calvinist center.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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