|hurricane (ˈhʌrɪkən, -keɪn)|
|1.||a severe, often destructive storm, esp a tropical cyclone|
|2.||a. a wind of force 12 or above on the Beaufort scale|
|b. (as modifier): a wind of hurricane force|
|3.||anything acting like such a wind|
|[C16: from Spanish huracán, from Taino hurakán, from hura wind]|
"These tempestes of the ayer (which the Grecians caule Tiphones ...) they caule furacanes."OED records some 39 different spellings, mostly from the late 16c., including forcane, herrycano, harrycain, hurlecane. Modern form became frequent from 1650, established after 1688. Shakespeare uses hurricano ("King Lear," "Troilus and Cressida"), but in reference to waterspouts.
|hurricane (hûr'ĭ-kān') Pronunciation Key
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A severe, rotating tropical storm with heavy rains and cyclonic winds exceeding 74 mi (119 km) per hour, especially such a storm occurring in the Northern Hemisphere. hurricanes originate in the tropical parts of the Atlantic Ocean or the Caribbean Sea and move generally northward. They lose force when they move over land or colder ocean waters. See Note at cyclone.
Note: Between July and October, hurricanes cause extensive damage along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the United States. (See Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico.)