Hyksos

Hyksos

[hik-sohs, -sos]
noun
a nomadic people who conquered and ruled ancient Egypt between the 13th and 18th dynasties, c1700–1580 b.c.: believed to have been a Semitic people that originally migrated into Egypt from Asia.

Origin:
1595–1605; < Greek Hyksṓs, perhaps < Egyptian ḥg(ʾ) ruler + h̬ʾst foreign land

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Hyksos (ˈhɪksɒs)
 
n , pl -sos
a member of a nomadic Asian people, probably Semites, who controlled Egypt from 1720 bc until 1560 bc
 
[from Greek Huksōs name of ruling dynasty in Egypt, from Egyptian hq's'sw ruler of the lands of the nomads]

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Word Origin & History

Hyksos
c.1600, 15th dynasty of Egyptian kings (1650-1558 B.C.E.), called "Shepherd Kings," from Gk. Hyksos, from Egyptian, either hiq shasu "ruler of nomads," or heqa khoswe "chief of foreign lands."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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