Illinois

Illinois

[il-uh-noi or, sometimes, -noiz]
noun
1.
a state in the central United States: a part of the Midwest. 56,400 sq. mi. (146,075 sq. km). Capital: Springfield. Abbreviation: IL (for use with zip code), Ill.
2.
a river flowing SW from NE Illinois to the Mississippi River: connected by a canal with Lake Michigan. 273 miles (440 km) long.

The pronunciation of Illinois with a final [z] which occurs chiefly among less educated speakers, is least common in Illinois itself, increasing in frequency as distance from the state increases.
Dictionary.com Unabridged

Illinois

[il-uh-noi or, sometimes, -noiz]
noun, plural IIl·li·nois ">IIllinois [il-uh-noi, -noiz] .
1.
a member of a confederacy of North American Indians of Algonquian stock, formerly occupying Illinois and adjoining regions westward.
2.
the Algonquian language of the Illinois and Miami Indians.

Origin:
1715–25, Americanism; < French, earlier Eriniouai, Ilinoués, etc. < an unidentified Algonquian language, apparently literally, one who sounds normal (i.e., speaks an Algonquian language), if equivalent to Proto-Algonquian *elen- ordinary + *-we· make sound

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
Illinois (ˌɪlɪˈnɔɪ)
 
n
1.  Ill., Abbreviation: IL a state of the N central US, in the Midwest: consists of level prairie crossed by the Illinois and Kaskaskia Rivers; mainly agricultural. Capital: Springfield. Pop: 12 653 544 (2003 est). Area: 144 858 sq km (55 930 sq miles)
2.  a river in Illinois, flowing SW to the Mississippi. Length: 439 km (273 miles)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Illinois
territory created 1809; name is from a native Algonquian people who called themselves Inoca (1725), also written Ilinouek, Old Ottawa for "ordinary speaker." The modern form represents a 17c. Fr. spelling, pronounced "ilinwe" at that time.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
Illinois [(il-uh-noy)]

State in the north-central United States bordered on the north by Wisconsin, the east by Indiana, the south by Kentucky, and the west by Missouri and Iowa. Its capital is Springfield, and its largest city is Chicago.

Note: Known as the “Land of Lincoln” because Abraham Lincoln began his political career there.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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