the act of incarcerating, or putting in prison or another enclosure: The incarceration rate has increased dramatically. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
incarcerate (ɪnˈkɑːsəˌreɪt)
(tr) to confine or imprison
[C16: from Medieval Latin incarcerāre, from Latin in-² + carcer prison]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1536, from O.Fr. incarceration, from M.L. incarcerationem (nom. incarceratio), from incarceratus, pp. of incarcerare "imprison," from in- "in" + carcer "prison, an enclosed space," of uncertain origin. The verb incarcerate is first attested 1560.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
If the problem with marijuana stopped at the incarceration of street.
And raising the incarceration rate means locking up people who are, on average,
  less dangerous than the ones already behind bars.
In a sense, they nursed the church through its long incarceration.
The world may be getting wired, but prison officials say logging on is
  incompatible with incarceration.
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