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prehistoric archaeological site located east of Kirkuk, in northeastern Iraq. The site is important for revealing traces of one of the world's first village-farming communities. The approximately dozen layers of architectural building and renovation yield evidence of domesticated wheats and barley and of the dog and goat, suggesting the achievement of a settled agricultural way of life. Other artifacts found at Jarmo, such as flint sickle blades, milling stones, and-in the uppermost layers only-pottery, hint at the technological innovations made in response to the new way of food production. The original occupation of the site is estimated to have occurred at about 7000 BC.