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Jarmo

[jahr-moh] /ˈdʒɑr moʊ/
noun
1.
a Neolithic village site in northeastern Iraq, dated c6500 b.c. and noted as one of the world's earliest food-producing settlements.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Encyclopedia Article for Jarmo

prehistoric archaeological site located east of Kirkuk, in northeastern Iraq. The site is important for revealing traces of one of the world's first village-farming communities. The approximately dozen layers of architectural building and renovation yield evidence of domesticated wheats and barley and of the dog and goat, suggesting the achievement of a settled agricultural way of life. Other artifacts found at Jarmo, such as flint sickle blades, milling stones, and-in the uppermost layers only-pottery, hint at the technological innovations made in response to the new way of food production. The original occupation of the site is estimated to have occurred at about 7000 BC.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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