Jesse

Jesse

[jes-ee]
noun
1.
the father of David. I Sam. 16.
2.
a male given name: from a hebrew word meaning “God exists.”
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
Jesse (ˈdʒɛsɪ)
 
n
Old Testament the father of David (I Samuel 16)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Jesse
masc. proper name, biblical father of David, from L., from Gk. Iessai, from Heb. Yishay, of unknown origin.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Jesse definition


firm, or a gift, a son of Obed, the son of Boaz and Ruth (Ruth 4:17, 22; Matt. 1:5, 6; Luke 3:32). He was the father of eight sons, the youngest of whom was David (1 Sam. 17:12). The phrase "stem of Jesse" is used for the family of David (Isa. 11:1), and "root of Jesse" for the Messiah (Isa. 11:10; Rev. 5:5). Jesse was a man apparently of wealth and position at Bethlehem (1 Sam. 17:17, 18, 20; Ps. 78:71). The last reference to him is of David's procuring for him an asylum with the king of Moab (1 Sam. 22:3).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

jesse

in the Old Testament, the father of King David. Jesse was the son of Ohed, and the grandson of Boaz and Ruth. He was a farmer and sheep breeder in Bethlehem. David was the youngest of Jesse's eight sons. The appellation "son of Jesse" served as a synonym for David both at Saul's court and, subsequently, when David became king. It became a standard poetic metaphor in the Bible. Phrases such as "root of Jesse" and "stump of Jesse" (Isaiah 11:1,10) expand the metaphor. All evoke the figure of David. That the family of David would endure forever was an article of faith in monarchic circles (2 Samuel 7), supported by the fact that his dynasty had occupied the throne on Mount Zion in unbroken succession for over four centuries.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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