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Jethro

[jeth-roh] /ˈdʒɛθ roʊ/
noun
1.
the father-in-law of Moses. Ex. 3:1.
2.
a male given name.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Jethro

Jethro

/ˈdʒɛθrəʊ/
noun
1.
(Old Testament) a Midianite priest, the father-in-law of Moses (Exodus 3:1; 4:18)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Jethro

masc. proper name, biblical father-in-law of Moses, from Hebrew Yithro, collateral form of Yether, literally "abundance," from base y-t-r "to be left over, to remain."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Jethro in the Bible

his excellence, or gain, a prince or priest of Midian, who succeeded his father Reuel. Moses spent forty years after his exile from the Egyptian court as keeper of Jethro's flocks. While the Israelites were encamped at Sinai, and soon after their victory over Amalek, Jethro came to meet Moses, bringing with him Zipporah and her two sons. They met at the "mount of God," and "Moses told him all that the Lord had done unto Pharaoh" (Ex. 18:8). On the following day Jethro, observing the multiplicity of the duties devolving on Moses, advised him to appoint subordinate judges, rulers of thousands, of hundreds, of fifties, and of tens, to decide smaller matters, leaving only the weightier matters to be referred to Moses, to be laid before the Lord. This advice Moses adopted (Ex. 18). He was also called Hobab (q.v.), which was probably his personal name, while Jethro was an official name. (See MOSES.)

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Encyclopedia Article for Jethro

Hobab

in the Old Testament, priest of Midian of the Kenite clan, with whom Moses took refuge after he killed an Egyptian and whose daughter Moses married (Exodus 3:1).

Learn more about Hobab with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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