Joab

Joab

[joh-ab]
noun
a commander of David's army and the slayer of Abner and Absalom. II Sam. 3:27; 18:14.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To Joab
Collins
World English Dictionary
Joab (ˈdʒəʊæb)
 
n
Old Testament the successful commander of King David's forces and the slayer of Abner and Absalom (II Samuel 2:18--23; 3:24--27; 18:14--15)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
Easton
Bible Dictionary

Joab definition


Jehovah is his father. (1.) One of the three sons of Zeruiah, David's sister, and "captain of the host" during the whole of David's reign (2 Sam. 2:13; 10:7; 11:1; 1 Kings 11:15). His father's name is nowhere mentioned, although his sepulchre at Bethlehem is mentioned (2 Sam. 2:32). His two brothers were Abishai and Asahel, the swift of foot, who was killed by Abner (2 Sam. 2:13-32), whom Joab afterwards treacherously murdered (3:22-27). He afterwards led the assault at the storming of the fortress on Mount Zion, and for this service was raised to the rank of "prince of the king's army" (2 Sam. 5:6-10; 1 Chr. 27:34). His chief military achievements were, (1) against the allied forces of Syria and Ammon; (2) against Edom (1 Kings 11:15, 16); and (3) against the Ammonites (2 Sam. 10:7-19; 11:1, 11). His character is deeply stained by the part he willingly took in the murder of Uriah (11:14-25). He acted apparently from a sense of duty in putting Absalom to death (18:1-14). David was unmindful of the many services Joab had rendered to him, and afterwards gave the command of the army to Amasa, Joab's cousin (2 Sam. 20:1-13; 19:13). When David was dying Joab espoused the cause of Adonijah in preference to that of Solomon. He was afterwards slain by Benaiah, by the command of Solomon, in accordance with his father's injunction (2 Sam. 3:29; 20:5-13), at the altar to which he had fled for refuge. Thus this hoary conspirator died without one to lift up a voice in his favour. He was buried in his own property in the "wilderness," probably in the north-east of Jerusalem (1 Kings 2:5, 28-34). Benaiah succeeded him as commander-in-chief of the army. (2.) 1 Chr. 4:14. (3.) Ezra 2:6.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
Cite This Source
Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

joab

in the Old Testament (2 Samuel), a Jewish military commander under King David, who was his mother's brother. He led the commando party that captured Jerusalem for David and as a reward was appointed commander in chief of the army. He played a leading part in many of David's victories (e.g., against the Ammonites and the Edomites) and led the loyal force that crushed the rebellion of David's son Absalom. Utterly devoted to David, Joab believed that he knew David's interests better than David himself did; hence he killed Absalom, although David had commanded that his life be saved. Joab showed his characteristic ruthlessness in the treacherous murder of two of his potential rivals, Abner and Amasa. Joab obeyed under protest when ordered by David to carry out a national census. During David's last days, Joab supported the abortive bid for the throne by David's son Adonijah and was executed by the successful Solomon

Learn more about Joab with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
Cite This Source
Related Words
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature