|Khartoum or Khartum (kɑːˈtuːm)|
|the capital of the Sudan, at the junction of the Blue and the White Nile: with adjoining Khartoum North and Omdurman, the largest conurbation in the country; destroyed by the Mahdists in 1885 when General Gordon was killed; seat of the Anglo-Egyptian government of the Sudan until 1954, then capital of the new republic. Pop: 4 495 000 (2005 est)|
|Khartum or Khartum|
|Sudan (suːˈdɑːn, -ˈdæn)|
|1.||Former name (1899--1956): Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, French name: Soudan a republic in NE Africa, on the Red Sea: the largest country in Africa; conquered by Mehemet Ali of Egypt (1820--22) and made an Anglo-Egyptian condominium in 1899 after joint forces defeated the Mahdist revolt; became a republic in 1956; civil war has been waged between separatists, in the mainly Christian south, and the government since independence, apart from a period of peace (1972--83). It consists mainly of a plateau, with the Nubian Desert in the north. Official language: Arabic. Official religion: Muslim; there are large Christian and animist minorities. Currency: Sudanese pound or Sudani (replacing the Sudanese dinar in 2007). Capital: Khartoum. Pop: 34 333 000 (2004 est). Area: 2 505 805 sq km (967 491 sq miles)|
|2.||the Sudan a region stretching across Africa south of the Sahara and north of the tropical zone: inhabited chiefly by Negroid tribes rather than Arabs|
Republic in northeastern Africa, bordered on the north by Egypt; on the east by the Red Sea and Ethiopia; on the south by Kenya, Uganda, and Democratic Republic of Congo; and on the west by the Central African Republic, Chad, and Libya. Its capital is Khartoum, and its largest city is Omdurman.
Note: Sudan was under the joint rule of Britain and Egypt (though Britain exercised actual control) from 1899 to 1956.
Note: Recently, it has been plagued by famine and civil war.