Kremlin

Kremlin

[krem-lin]
noun
the Kremlin.
a.
the executive branch of the government of Russia or of the Soviet Union, especially in regard to its foreign affairs.
b.
the citadel of Moscow, including within its walls the chief offices of the Russian and, formerly, of the Soviet government.

Origin:
1655–65; earlier Kremelien < German (now obsolete) < an unattestested outcome of Old Russian *kremlĭnĭ, derivative of kremlĭ (Russian kremlʾ, gen kremlyá) citadel, akin to Old Russian Kromŭ the citadel of Pskov, Ukrainian króma partition, Russian kromá, krómka edge, border

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World English Dictionary
kremlin (ˈkrɛmlɪn)
 
n
the citadel of any Russian city
 
[C17: from obsolete German Kremelin, from Russian kreml]

Kremlin (ˈkrɛmlɪn)
 
n
1.  the 12th-century citadel in Moscow, containing the former Imperial Palace, three Cathedrals, and the offices of the Russian government
2.  (formerly) the central government of the Soviet Union

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Kremlin
1662, from Fr. kremlin, from Rus. krem'l "citadel, fortress," of Tartar origin. Originally the citadel of any Rus. city, now esp. the one in Moscow. Used metonymically for "government of the U.S.S.R." from 1933.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

Kremlin definition


A fortress in central Moscow that contains the central offices of the government of Russia and, formerly, the offices of the Soviet Union.

Note: The term Kremlin was also used figuratively to mean the former Soviet government.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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