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8 Words That Are Older Than You Think

loom1

[loom] /lum/
noun
1.
a hand-operated or power-driven apparatus for weaving fabrics, containing harnesses, lay, reed, shuttles, treadles, etc.
2.
the art or the process of weaving.
3.
the part of an oar between the blade and the handle.
verb (used with object)
4.
to weave (something) on a loom.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English lome, Old English gelōma tool, implement. See heirloom

loom2

[loom] /lum/
verb (used without object)
1.
to appear indistinctly; come into view in indistinct and enlarged form:
The mountainous island loomed on the horizon.
2.
to rise before the vision with an appearance of great or portentous size:
Suddenly a police officer loomed in front of him.
3.
to assume form as an impending event:
A battle looms at the convention.
noun
4.
a looming appearance, as of something seen indistinctly at a distance or through a fog:
the loom of a moraine directly in their path.
Origin
1585-95; origin uncertain
Synonyms
2. rear, tower.

loom3

[loom] /lum/
noun, British Dialect
1.
loon1 .
2.
a guillemot or murre.
Origin
1670-80; < Old Norse lōmr

L.O.O.M.

1.
Loyal Order of Moose.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for loom
  • In order to avert the almost inevitable human disasters that loom, all nations must adopt two dramatic policy shifts.
  • In the forge's dust and cinders, in the tissues of the loom.
  • Howbeit go to thy chamber and mind thine own housewiferies, the loom and distaff, and bid thy handmaids ply their tasks.
  • The sedentary habits of the desk and the loom render the exertions and hardships of war insupportable.
  • Yet even oil optimists concede that physical limits are beginning to loom.
  • The wiring loom uses recycled and halogen-free materials instead of polyvinyl, a move intended to make it more easily recycled.
  • The problem would not loom so large if non-paternity were rare.
  • He will learn far more practical skills in six months at the loom than he would in six years of school.
  • Yet in the longer run the faults of the book loom large.
  • As an outside observer, it sometimes seems that the business school is starting to loom over the economics department.
British Dictionary definitions for loom

loom1

/luːm/
noun
1.
an apparatus, worked by hand (hand loom) or mechanically (power loom), for weaving yarn into a textile
2.
the middle portion of an oar, which acts as a fulcrum swivelling in the rowlock
Word Origin
C13 (meaning any kind of tool): variant of Old English gelōma tool; compare heirloom

loom2

/luːm/
verb (intransitive)
1.
to come into view indistinctly with an enlarged and often threatening aspect
2.
(of an event) to seem ominously close
3.
(often foll by over) (of large objects) to dominate or overhang
noun
4.
a rising appearance, as of something far away
Word Origin
C16: perhaps from East Frisian lomen to move slowly

loom3

/luːm/
noun (archaic or dialect)
1.
another name for diver (sense 3)
2.
any of various other birds, esp the guillemot
Word Origin
C17: from Old Norse lomr
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for loom
n.

weaving machine, Old English geloma "utensil, tool," from ge-, perfective prefix, + -loma, of unknown origin (cf. Old English andloman (plural) "apparatus, furniture"). Originally "implement or tool of any kind" (cf. heirloom); thus, "the penis" (c.1400-1600). Specific meaning "a machine in which yarn or thread is woven into fabric" is from c.1400.

v.

1540s, "to come into view largely and indistinctly," perhaps from a Scandinavian source (cf. dialectal Swedish loma, East Frisian lomen "move slowly"), perhaps a variant from the root of lame (adj.). Early used also of ships moving up and down. Figurative use from 1590s. Related: Loomed; looming.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Related Abbreviations for loom

LOOM

Loyal Order of Moose
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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6
8
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