liege

liege

[leej, leezh]
noun
1.
a feudal lord entitled to allegiance and service.
2.
a feudal vassal or subject.
adjective
3.
owing primary allegiance and service to a feudal lord.
4.
pertaining to the relation between a feudal vassal and lord.
5.
loyal; faithful: the liege adherents of a cause.

Origin:
1250–1300; Middle English < Old French li(e)geGermanic *lēt- vassal + Latin -icus -ic; compare Medieval Latin lētī barbarians allowed to settle on Roman land (< Germanic; perhaps akin to let1), laeticus for *lēticus, derivative of lētī

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Liège

[lee-eyzh; French lyezh]
noun
1.
a city in E Belgium, on the Meuse River: one of the first cities attacked in World War I.
2.
a province in E Belgium. 1521 sq. mi. (3940 sq. km). Capital: Liège.
Flemish Luik.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
liege (liːdʒ)
 
adj
1.  (of a lord) owed feudal allegiance (esp in the phrase liege lord)
2.  (of a vassal or servant) owing feudal allegiance: a liege subject
3.  of or relating to the relationship or bond between liege lord and liegeman: liege homage
4.  faithful; loyal
 
n
5.  a liege lord
6.  a liegeman or true subject
 
[C13: from Old French lige, from Medieval Latin līticus, from lītus, laetus serf, of Germanic origin]

Liège (lɪˈeɪʒ, French ljɛʒ)
 
n
1.  a province of E Belgium: formerly a principality of the Holy Roman Empire, much larger than the present-day province. Pop: 1 029 605 (2004 est). Area: 3877 sq km (1497 sq miles)
2.  a city in E Belgium, capital of Liège province: the largest French-speaking city in Belgium; river port and industrial centre. Pop: 185 488 (2004 est)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

liege
word used by a vassal to address his superior or lord in the feudal system, c.1300, from Anglo-Fr. lige (1292), from O.Fr. liege, perhaps from L.L. laeticus "cultivated by serfs," from laetus "serf," which probably is from a Gmc. source (cf. O.E. læt "half-freedman, serf;" O.H.G. laz, O.Fris. lethar
"freedman"). Or the M.E. word may be directly from O.H.G. leidig "free." Hence, liege-man "a vassal sworn to the service and support of a lord, who in turn is obliged to protect him" (c.1350).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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