a specialist in linguistics.
a person who is skilled in several languages; polyglot.

1580–90; < Latin lingu(a) tongue, speech + -ist Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
linguist (ˈlɪŋɡwɪst)
1.  a person who has the capacity to learn and speak foreign languages
2.  a person who studies linguistics
3.  esp (W African), (Ghanaian) the spokesman for a chief
[C16: from Latin lingua tongue]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1580s, "a master of language, one who uses his tongue freely," from L. lingua "language, tongue" (see lingual). Meaning "a student of language" first attested 1640s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Army linguist once stationed at the site, the listening station was subject to high winds, due to its height.
He had a linguist rate each sample for density of ideas and grammatical complexity.
My linguist colleagues are all highly educated, extremely interesting people in their own right.
Linguist requirements under the interim contract were increased multiple times, which increased contract costs.
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