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Lombard

[lom-bahrd, -berd, luhm-] /ˈlɒm bɑrd, -bərd, ˈlʌm-/
noun
1.
a native or inhabitant of Lombardy.
2.
a member of an ancient Germanic tribe that settled in N Italy.
3.
a banker or moneylender.
adjective
4.
Also, Lombardic. of or pertaining to the Lombards or Lombardy.

Lombard

[lom-bahrd, -berd, luhm-] /ˈlɒm bɑrd, -bərd, ˈlʌm-/
noun
1.
Carole (Jane Alice Peters) 1909?–42, U.S. film actress.
2.
Peter (Petrus Lombardus) c1100–64? Italian theologian: bishop of Paris 1159–64?.
3.
a city in NE Illinois, near Chicago.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Lombard

Lombard1

/ˈlɒmbəd; -bɑːd; ˈlʌm-/
noun
1.
a native or inhabitant of Lombardy
2.
Also called Langobard. a member of an ancient Germanic people who settled in N Italy after 568 ad
adjective
3.
of or relating to Lombardy or the Lombards

Lombard2

/ˈlɒmbəd; -bɑːd; ˈlʌm-/
noun
1.
Peter. ?1100–?60, Italian theologian, noted for his Sententiarum libri quatuor
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Lombard
n.

from Late Latin Langobardus, proper name of a Germanic people who conquered Italy 6c. and settled in the northern region that became known as Lombardy, from Proto-Germanic Langgobardoz, often said to mean literally "Long-beards," but perhaps rather from *lang- "tall, long" + the proper name of the people (Latin Bardi). Their name in Old English was Langbeardas (plural), but also Heaðobeardan, from heaðo "war."

In Middle English the word meant "banker, money-changer, pawnbroker" (late 14c.), from Old French Lombart "Lombard," also "money-changer; usurer; coward," from Italian Lombardo (from Medieval Latin Lombardus).

Lombards in Middle Ages were notable throughout Western Europe as bankers and money-lenders, also pawn-brokers; they established themselves in France from 13c., especially in Montpellier and Cahors, and London's Lombard Street (c.1200) originally was the site of the houses of Lombard bankers. French also gave the word in this sense to Middle Dutch and Low German. Lombardy poplar, originally from Italy but planted in North American colonies as an ornamental tree, is attested from 1766.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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