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Louis

[loo-is or for 2, loo-ee] .
noun
1.
Joe (Joseph Louis Barrow) 1914–81, U.S. boxer: world heavyweight champion 1937–49.
2.
a male given name: from a Germanic word meaning “loud battle.”

Louis I

[loo-ee, loo-is; French lwee] .
noun
("le Débonaire"; "the Pious") a.d. 788–840, king of France and Germany 814–840; emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 814–840 (son of Charlemagne).

Louis II

noun
1.
German Ludwig II. ("the German") a.d. 804?–876, king of Germany 843–876 (son of Louis I).
2.
a.d. 822?–875, king of Italy 844–875; emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 855–875 (son of Lothair I).

Louis IV

noun
("the Bavarian") 1287?–1347, king of Germany (1314–47); emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 1328–47.

Louis V

noun
("le Fainéant") a.d. 967?–987, king of France 986–987: last Carolingian to rule France.

Louis VI

noun
("the Fat") 1081–1137, king of France 1108–37.

Louis VII

noun
("the Young") 1121?–80, king of France 1137–80 (son of Louis VI).

Louis IX

noun
Saint, 1214?–70, king of France 1226–70.

Louis XI

noun
1423–83, king of France 1461–83 (son of Charles VII).

Louis XII

noun
("the Father of the People") 1462–1515, king of France 1498–1515.

Louis XIII

noun
1601–43, king of France 1610–43 (son of Henry IV of Navarre).

Louis XIV

noun
("the Great"; "the Sun King") 1638–1715, king of France 1643–1715 (son of Louis XIII).

Louis XV

noun
1710–74, king of France 1715–74 (great grandson of Louis XIV).

Louis XVI

noun
1754–93, king of France 1774–92 (grandson of Louis XV and husband of Marie Antoinette).

Louis XVII

noun
("Louis Charles of France") 1785–95, titular king of France 1793–95 (son of Louis XVI).

Louis XVIII

noun
(Louis Xavier Stanislas) 1755–1824, king of France 1814–15, 1815–24 (brother of Louis XVI).
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
louis (ˈluːɪ, French lwi)
 
n , pl louis
short for louis d'or

Louis (ˈluːɪs)
 
n
Joe, real name Joseph Louis Barrow, nicknamed the Brown Bomber. 1914--81, US boxer; world heavyweight champion (1937--49)

Louis I (ˈluːɪ, French lwi)
 
n
known as Louis the Pious or Louis the Debonair. 778--840 ad, king of France and Holy Roman Emperor (814--23, 830--33, 834--40): he was twice deposed by his sons

Louis II
 
n
1.  known as Louis the German. ?804--876 ad, king of Germany (843--76); son of Louis I
2.  1845--86, king of Bavaria (1864--86): noted for his extravagant castles and his patronage of Wagner. Declared insane (1886), he drowned himself
3.  de Bourbon. See (Prince de) Condé

Louis IV
 
n
known as Louis the Bavarian. ?1287--1347, king of Germany (1314--47) and Holy Roman Emperor (1328--47)

Louis V
 
n
known as Louis le Fainéant. ?967--987 ad, last Carolingian king of France (986--87)

Louis VII
 
n
known as Louis le Jeune. c. 1120--80, king of France (1137--80). He engaged in frequent hostilities (1152--74) with Henry II of England

Louis IX
 
n
known as Saint Louis. 1214--70, king of France (1226--70): led the Sixth Crusade (1248--54) and was held to ransom (1250); died at Tunis while on another crusade

Louis XI
 
n
1423--83, king of France (1461--83); involved in a struggle with his vassals, esp the duke of Burgundy, in his attempt to unite France under an absolute monarchy

Louis XII
 
n
1462--1515, king of France (1498--1515), who fought a series of unsuccessful wars in Italy

Louis XIII
 
n
1601--43, king of France (1610--43). His mother (Marie de Médicis) was regent until 1617; after 1624 he was influenced by his chief minister Richelieu

Louis XIV
 
n
known as le roi soleil (the Sun King). 1638--1715, king of France (1643--1715); son of Louis XIII and Anne of Austria. Effective ruler from 1661, he established an absolute monarchy. His attempt to establish French supremacy in Europe, waging almost continual wars from 1667 to 1714, ultimately failed. But his reign is regarded as a golden age of French literature and art

Louis XV
 
n
1710--74, king of France (1715--74); great-grandson of Louis XIV. He engaged France in a series of wars, esp the disastrous Seven Years' War (1756--63), which undermined the solvency and authority of the crown

Louis XVI
 
n
1754--93, king of France (1774--92); grandson of Louis XV. He married Marie Antoinette in 1770 and they were guillotined during the French Revolution

Louis XVII
 
n
1785--95, titular king of France (1793--95) during the Revolution, after the execution of his father Louis XVI; he died in prison

Louis XVIII
 
n
1755--1824, king of France (1814--24); younger brother of Louis XVI. He became titular king after the death of Louis XVII (1795) and ascended the throne at the Bourbon restoration in 1814. He was forced to flee during the Hundred Days

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Louis
masc. proper name, from Fr. Louis, from O.Fr. Loois, probably via M.L. Ludovicus from O.H.G. Hluodowig (Ger. Ludwig), lit. "famous in war," from P.Gmc. *hluda- "heard of, famous" (see loud) + *wiga "war." Louis Quatorze (1855) refers to styles reminiscent of the time of King
Louis XIV of France (1643-1715).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
Louis XIV [(looh-ee)]

A king of France in the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. Louis was known as the Sun King for his power and splendor. By inviting French nobles to live in luxury at his palace at Versailles, he removed them as threats and greatly increased his own power. He is known for saying, “L'état, c'est moi” (“I am the state”).

Louis XVI [(looh-ee)]

The last king of France before the French Revolution; the husband of Marie Antoinette. He at first accepted a change from absolute monarchy (see ancien régime) to constitutional monarchy in France. Then he tried to flee the country and was brought back a prisoner. Radicals, including the Jacobins, assumed control of the revolution and had Louis and Marie Antoinette beheaded for treason.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

louis

gold coin circulated in France before the Revolution. The franc (q.v.) and livre were silver coins that had shrunk in value to such an extent that by 1740 coins of a larger denomination were needed. The French kings therefore had gold coins struck and called after their name Louis, or louis d'or ("gold Louis"). After the Revolution, Napoleon continued the practice but called the coins "napoleons." They had a value of 20 francs.

Learn more about louis with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences for Louis
Champagne had also offended louis by siding with the pope in the dispute over
  bourges.
Louis business journal that he would like to buy his hometown st.
Louis as opposed to the team possibly moving back to los angeles.
The next summer louis could not continue without reinforcements from france.
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