Magus

Magus

[mey-guhs]
noun, plural Magi [mey-jahy] .
1.
(sometimes lowercase) one of the Magi.
2.
(lowercase) a magician, sorcerer, or astrologer.
3.
(sometimes lowercase) a Zoroastrian priest. Compare Magi ( def 2 ).

Origin:
1615–25; < Latin < Greek mágos < Old Persian maguŝ; compare Avestan moγu

Dictionary.com Unabridged

Magi

[mey-jahy] .
plural noun, singular Magus [mey-guhs] .
1.
(sometimes lowercase) the wise men, generally assumed to be three in number, who paid homage to the infant Jesus. Matt. 2:1–12. Compare Balthazar ( def 1 ), Caspar ( def 1 ), Melchior ( def 1 ).
2.
(sometimes lowercase) the class of Zoroastrian priests in ancient Media and Persia, reputed to possess supernatural powers.
3.
(lowercase) astrologers.

Origin:
see Magus

Magian [mey-jee-uhn] , adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
magi (ˈmeɪdʒaɪ)
 
pl n , sing magus
1.  the Zoroastrian priests of the ancient Medes and Persians
2.  the three magi the wise men from the East who came to do homage to the infant Jesus (Matthew 2:1--12) and traditionally called Caspar, Melchior, and Balthazar
 
magian
 
adj

magus (ˈmeɪɡəs)
 
n , pl magi
1.  a Zoroastrian priest
2.  an astrologer, sorcerer, or magician of ancient times
 
[C14: from Latin, from Greek magos, from Old Persian magus magician]

Magus (ˈmeɪɡəs)
 
n
New Testament Simon Magus a sorcerer who tried to buy spiritual powers from the apostles (Acts 8:9-24)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

magi
c.1200, from L. magi, pl. of magus, from Gk. magos, word used for the Persian learned and priestly class as portrayed in the Bible (said by ancient historians to have been originally the name of a Median tribe), from O.Pers. magush "magician" (see magic).

magus
"member of the ancient Persian priestly caste," late 14c., singular of magi (q.v.).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
Magi [(may-jeye)]

The sages who visited Jesus soon after his birth. (See Wise Men.)

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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