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menhaden

[men-heyd-n] /mɛnˈheɪd n/
noun, plural menhaden.
1.
any marine clupeid fish of the genus Brevoortia, especially B. tyrannus, resembling a shad but with a more compressed body, common along the eastern coast of the U.S., and used for making oil and fertilizer.
Origin
1635-1645
1635-45, Americanism; perhaps < Narragansett (E spelling) munnawhatteaûg, influenced by E dial. poghaden; cf. pogy1
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for menhaden
  • Giant oyster reefs there have long since been harvested, as have the menhaden.
British Dictionary definitions for menhaden

menhaden

/mɛnˈheɪdən/
noun (pl) -den
1.
a marine North American fish, Brevoortia tyrannus: source of fishmeal, fertilizer, and oil: family Clupeidae (herrings, etc)
Word Origin
C18: from Algonquian; probably related to Narragansett munnawhatteaúg fertilizer, menhaden
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for menhaden
n.

kind of herring, 1792, from Algonquian (probably Narragansett) munnawhateaug (noted from 1643), literally "they fertilize," because the abundant little fishes were used by the Indians as fertilizer.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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