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meteor

[mee-tee-er, -awr] /ˈmi ti ər, -ˌɔr/
noun
1.
Astronomy.
  1. a meteoroid that has entered the earth's atmosphere.
  2. a transient fiery streak in the sky produced by a meteoroid passing through the earth's atmosphere; a shooting star or bolide.
2.
any person or object that moves, progresses, becomes famous, etc., with spectacular speed.
3.
(formerly) any atmospheric phenomenon, as hail or a typhoon.
4.
(initial capital letter) Military. Britain's first operational jet fighter, a twin-engine aircraft that entered service in 1944.
Origin
1570-1580
1570-80; < Neo-Latin meteōrum < Greek metéōron meteor, a thing in the air, noun use of neuter of metéōros raised in the air, equivalent to met- met- + eōr- (variant stem of aéirein to raise) + -os adj. suffix
Related forms
meteorlike, adjective
Can be confused

meteor.

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for meteor
  • meteor gazers have one last chance to catch a show this year.
  • To catch the best view of a prolific meteor shower, scrap your plans tonight and get to bed for an early morning tomorrow.
  • When ever there is a meteor shower, the weather caster always informs us to look skyward to see the shooting stars.
  • Perhaps life could evolve in a comet, or survive inside a rock catapulted into orbit by a planetary meteor strike.
  • He learned to mentally disentangle the effects of meteor impacts to see the underlying rock types.
  • The superheated meteor atoms and molecules then glow in a process that is similar to a fluorescent bulb.
  • meteor showers observed from the hot tub this evening.
  • Much more believable than a happenstance meteor strike that picked out which species to eliminate and which to keep.
  • Or that's not strictly accurate-the meteor, which was an estimated sixty yards across, never actually touched down.
  • meteor gazers have another chance to catch a show this year.
British Dictionary definitions for meteor

meteor

/ˈmiːtɪə/
noun
1.
a very small meteoroid that has entered the earth's atmosphere. Such objects have speeds approaching 70 kilometres per second
2.
Also called shooting star, falling star. the bright streak of light appearing in the sky due to the incandescence of such a body heated by friction at its surface
Word Origin
C15: from Medieval Latin meteōrum, from Greek meteōron something aloft, from meteōros lofty, from meta- (intensifier) + aeirein to raise
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for meteor
n.

late 15c., "any atmospheric phenomenon," from Middle French meteore (13c.) and directly from Medieval Latin meteorum (nominative meteora), from Greek ta meteora "the celestial phenomena, things in heaven above," plural of meteoron, literally "thing high up," noun use of neuter of meteoros (adj.) "high up, raised from the ground, hanging," from meta- "over, beyond" (see meta-) + -aoros "lifted, hovering in air," related to aeirein "to raise" (see aorta).

Specific sense of "fireball, shooting star" is attested from 1590s. Atmospheric phenomena were formerly classified as aerial meteors (wind), aqueous meteors (rain, snow, hail), luminous meteors (aurora, rainbows), and igneous meteors (lightning, shooting stars).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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meteor in Science
meteor
  (mē'tē-ər)   
  1. A bright trail or streak of light that appears in the night sky when a meteoroid enters the Earth's atmosphere. The friction with the air causes the rock to glow with heat. Also called shooting star.

  2. A rocky body that produces such light. Most meteors burn up before reaching the Earth's surface. See Note at solar system.


Our Living Language  : The streaks of light we sometimes see in the night sky and call meteors were not identified as interplanetary rocks until the 19th century. Before then, the streaks of light were considered only one of a variety of atmospheric phenomena, all of which bore the name meteor. Rain was an aqueous meteor, winds and storms were airy meteors, and streaks of light in the sky were fiery meteors. This general use of meteor survives in our word meteorology, the study of the weather and atmospheric phenomena. Nowadays, astronomers use any of three words for rocks from interplanetary space, depending on their stage of descent to the Earth. A meteoroid is a rock in space that has the potential to collide with the Earth's atmosphere. Meteoroids range in size from a speck of dust to a chunk about 100 meters in diameter, though most are smaller than a pebble. When a meteoroid enters the atmosphere, it becomes a meteor. The light that it gives off when heated by friction with the atmosphere is also called a meteor. If the rock is not obliterated by the friction and lands on the ground, it is called a meteorite. For this term, scientists borrowed the -ite suffix used in the names of minerals like malachite and pyrite.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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meteor in Culture

meteor definition


A streak of light in the sky, often called a “shooting star,” that occurs when a bit of extraterrestrial matter falls into the atmosphere of the Earth and burns up.

Note: Meteor showers occur at regular times during the year.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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meteor in Technology


A version of COMIT with Lisp-like syntax, written in MIT Lisp 1.5 for the IBM 7090. "METEOR - A List Interpreter for String Transformation", D.G. Bobrow in The Programming Language LISP and its Interpretation, E.D. and D.G. Bobrow eds, 1964.

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Related Abbreviations for meteor

meteor.

  1. meteorological
  2. meteorology
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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