misery

[miz-uh-ree]
noun, plural miseries.
1.
wretchedness of condition or circumstances.
2.
distress or suffering caused by need, privation, or poverty.
3.
great mental or emotional distress; extreme unhappiness.
4.
a cause or source of distress.
5.
Older Use.
a.
a pain: a misery in my left side.
c.
Often, miseries. a case or period of despondency or gloom.

Origin:
1325–75; Middle English miserie < Latin miseria, equivalent to miser wretched + -ia -y3


1. tribulation, trial, suffering. 3. grief, anguish, woe, torment, desolation. See sorrow.


3. happiness.
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World English Dictionary
misery (ˈmɪzərɪ)
 
n , pl -eries
1.  intense unhappiness, discomfort, or suffering; wretchedness
2.  a cause of such unhappiness, discomfort, etc
3.  squalid or poverty-stricken conditions
4.  informal (Brit) a person who is habitually depressed: he is such a misery
5.  dialect a pain or ailment
 
[C14: via Anglo-Norman from Latin miseria, from miser wretched]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

misery
late 14c., "condition of external unhappiness," from O.Fr. miserie (12c.), from L. miseria "wretchedness," from miser. Meaning "condition of one in great sorrow or mental distress" is from 1530s. Meaning "bodily pain" is 1825, Amer.Eng.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences for Miseries
A vindication of natural society a view of the miseries and evils arising to mankind.
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