series

[seer-eez]
noun, plural series.
1.
a group or a number of related or similar things, events, etc., arranged or occurring in temporal, spatial, or other order or succession; sequence.
2.
a number of games, contests, or sporting events, with the same participants, considered as a unit: The two baseball clubs played a five-game series.
3.
a set, as of coins or stamps.
4.
a set of successive volumes or issues of a periodical published in like form with similarity of subject or purpose.
5.
Radio and Television.
a.
a daily or weekly program with the same cast and format and a continuing story, as a soap opera, situation comedy, or drama.
b.
a number of related programs having the same theme, cast, or format: a series of four programs on African wildlife.
6.
Mathematics.
a.
a sequence of terms combined by addition, as 1 + ½ + ¼ + ⅛ + … ½ n.
7.
Rhetoric. a succession of coordinate sentence elements.
8.
Geology. a division of stratified rocks that is of next higher rank to a stage and next lower rank to a system, comprising deposits formed during part of a geological epoch.
9.
Electricity. an end-to-end arrangement of the components, as resistors, in a circuit so that the same current flows through each component. Compare parallel ( def 13 ).
10.
Chemistry. a group of related chemical elements arranged in order of increasing atomic number: the lanthanide series.
adjective
11.
Electricity. consisting of or having component parts connected in series: a series circuit; a series generator.

Origin:
1605–15; < Latin seriēs; akin to serere to connect

multiseries, noun, plural multiseries.
subseries, noun, plural subseries.
superseries, noun, plural superseries.


1. Series, sequence, succession are terms for an orderly following of things one after another. Series is applied to a number of things of the same kind, usually related to each other, arranged or happening in order: a series of baseball games. Sequence stresses the continuity in time, thought, cause and effect, etc.: The scenes came in a definite sequence. Succession implies that one thing is followed by another or others in turn, usually though not necessarily with a relation or connection between them: succession to a throne; a succession of calamities.
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World English Dictionary
series (ˈsɪəriːz, -rɪz)
 
n , pl -ries
1.  a group or connected succession of similar or related things, usually arranged in order
2.  a set of radio or television programmes having the same characters and setting but different stories
3.  a set of books having the same format, related content, etc, published by one firm
4.  a set of stamps, coins, etc, issued at a particular time
5.  maths See also geometric series the sum of a finite or infinite sequence of numbers or quantities
6.  electronics
 a.  a configuration of two or more components connected in a circuit so that the same current flows in turn through each of them (esp in the phrase in series)
 b.  Compare parallel (as modifier): a series circuit
7.  rhetoric a succession of coordinate elements in a sentence
8.  geology a stratigraphical unit that is a subdivision of a system and represents the rocks formed during an epoch
 
[C17: from Latin: a row, from serere to link]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

series
1611, "a number or set of things of one kind arranged in a line," from L. series "row, chain, series," from serere "to join, link, bind together, put," from PIE base *ser- "to line up, join" (cf. Skt. sarat- "thread," Gk. eirein "to fasten together in rows," Goth. sarwa (pl.) "armor, arms," O.N. sörve
"necklace of stringed pearls," O.Ir. sernaid "he joins together," Welsh ystret "row"). Meaning "set of printed works published consecutively" is from 1711. Meaning "set of radio or television programs with the same characters and themes" is attested from 1949.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

series se·ries (sēr'ēz)
n. pl. series

  1. A number of objects or events arranged or coming one after the other in succession.

  2. A group of objects related by linearly varying successive differences in form or configuration, as in a radioactive decay series.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
series   (sîr'ēz)  Pronunciation Key 
  1. The sum of a sequence of terms, for example 2 + 22 + 23 + 24 + 25 + ...

  2. A group of rock formations closely related in time of origin and distinct as a group from other formations.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Most software programs are made up of instructions that tell a computer to take a series of actions in a certain order.
Articles in this series are exploring the causes of the financial crisis.
First, the professors will develop a series of videotaped.
Might have to do some research as series starts this month.
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