mogul

[moh-guhl]

Origin:
1960–65; < dialectal German; compare Austrian dialect Mugel small hill

moguled, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged

Mogul

[moh-guhl, -guhl, moh-guhl]
noun
1.
any of the Mongol conquerors of India who established an empire that lasted from 1526 to 1857, but held only nominal power after 1803. Compare Great Mogul.
2.
any of their descendants.
3.
(lowercase) an important, powerful, or influential person: a mogul of the movie industry.
4.
a Mongol or Mongolian.
5.
Railroads. a steam locomotive having a two-wheeled front truck, six driving wheels, and no rear truck. See table under Whyte classification.
adjective
6.
of or pertaining to the Moguls or their empire.
Also, Moghul, Mughal (for defs 1, 2, 6).


Origin:
1580–90; < Persian mughul Mongol

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
mogul1 (ˈməʊɡʌl, məʊˈɡʌl)
 
n
1.  an important or powerful person
2.  a type of steam locomotive with a wheel arrangement of two leading wheels, six driving wheels, and no trailing wheels
 
[C18: from Mogul]

mogul2 (ˈməʊɡəl)
 
n
a mound of hard snow on a ski slope
 
[C20: perhaps from South German dialect Mugl]

Mogul (ˈməʊɡʌl, məʊˈɡʌl)
 
n
1.  See Great Mogul a member of the Muslim dynasty of Indian emperors established by Baber in 1526
2.  a Muslim Indian, Mongol, or Mongolian
 
adj
3.  of or relating to the Moguls or their empire
 
[C16: from Persian mughul Mongol]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

mogul
"powerful person," 1678, from Great Mogul, Mongol emperor of India after the conquest of 1526, from Pers. and Arabic mughal, mughul, alt. of Mongol (q.v.), the Asiatic people.

mogul
"elevation on a ski slope," 1961, probably from Scand. (cf. dial. Norw. mugje, fem. muga, "a heap, a mound"), or from southern Ger. dial. mugel in the same sense.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
But the obstacles in the way of the heroic media mogul are especially big.
The billionaire mogul invites you over to play inside his big, big backyard
  retreat.
If that pattern reminds you of any tech mogul of our own time, that's your
  business.
But when the media mogul stepped through the door, he didn't get the warm
  reception he expected.
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