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monosaccharide

[mon-uh-sak-uh-rahyd, -er-id] /ˌmɒn əˈsæk əˌraɪd, -ər ɪd/
noun, Chemistry
1.
a carbohydrate that does not hydrolyze, as glucose, fructose, or ribose, occurring naturally or obtained by the hydrolysis of glycosides or polysaccharides.
Also, monosaccharose
[mon-uh-sak-uh-rohs] /ˌmɒn əˈsæk əˌroʊs/ (Show IPA)
.
Origin
1895-1900
1895-1900; mono- + saccharide
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for monosaccharide
  • Polysaccharides have multiple sugar molecules strung together, while glucose is a monosaccharide.
British Dictionary definitions for monosaccharide

monosaccharide

/ˌmɒnəʊˈsækəˌraɪd; -rɪd/
noun
1.
a simple sugar, such as glucose or fructose, that does not hydrolyse to yield other sugars
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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monosaccharide in Medicine

monosaccharide mon·o·sac·cha·ride (mŏn'ə-sāk'ə-rīd', -rĭd)
n.
A carbohydrate that cannot be decomposed to a simpler carbohydrate by hydrolysis, especially one of the hexoses. Also called simple sugar.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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monosaccharide in Science
monosaccharide
  (mŏn'ə-sāk'ə-rīd')   
Any of a class of carbohydrates that cannot be broken down to simpler sugars by hydrolysis and that constitute the building blocks of oligosaccharides and polysaccharides. Monosaccharides consist of at least three carbon atoms, one of which is attached to an oxygen atom to form an aldehyde group (CHO) or a ketone, and the others of which are each attached to a hydroxyl group (OH). Monosaccharides can occur as chains or rings. Fructose, glucose, and ribose are monosaccharides. Also called simple sugar. Compare oligosaccharide, polysaccharide. See more at aldose, ketose.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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