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mufti

[muhf-tee] /ˈmʌf ti/
noun, plural muftis.
1.
civilian clothes, in contrast with military or other uniforms, or as worn by a person who usually wears a uniform.
2.
a Muslim jurist expert in the religious law.
3.
(in the Ottoman Empire) a deputy of the chief Muslim legal adviser to the Sultan.
4.
(initial capital letter) Grand Mufti.
Origin
1580-1590
1580-90; < Arabic muftī literally, a person who delivers a judgment, originally a Muslim legal adviser; sense of def. 1 arises from the legal adviser being a civil official
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for mufti

mufti1

/ˈmʌftɪ/
noun (pl) -tis
1.
a Muslim legal expert and adviser on the law of the Koran
2.
(in the former Ottoman empire) the leader of the religious community
Word Origin
C16: from Arabic muftī, from aftā to give a (legal) decision

mufti2

/ˈmʌftɪ/
noun (pl) -tis
1.
civilian dress, esp as worn by a person who normally wears a military uniform
Word Origin
C19: perhaps from mufti1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for mufti
n.

1580s, muphtie "official head of the state religion in Turkey," from Arabic mufti "judge," active participle of afta "to give," conjugated form of fata "he gave a (legal) decision" (cf. fatwa). Sense of "ordinary clothes (not in uniform)" is from 1816, of unknown origin, perhaps from mufti's costume of robes and slippers in stage plays, which was felt to resemble plain clothes.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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