naker

World English Dictionary
naker (ˈneɪkə, ˈnæk-)
 
n
one of a pair of small kettledrums used in medieval music
 
[C14: from Old French nacre, via Medieval Greek anakara, from Arabic naqāra]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

naker

small kettledrum that reached Europe from the Middle East in the 13th century, during the Crusades. Nakers were made of wood, metal, or clay and were sometimes equipped with snares. They were almost always played in pairs and were struck with hard sticks. They were probably tuned to high and low notes of identifiable pitch. Like the similar Arabic naqqarah, from which they derived, nakers were used in military and battle music, as well as in the softer indoor chamber music and in dance accompaniments. They continued in use through the 16th century.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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