|a screen or mat covered with a dark material for shielding a camera lens from excess light or glare.|
|a calculus or concretion found in the stomach or intestines of certain animals, esp. ruminants, formerly reputed to be an effective remedy for poison.|
|Jiangsu or Kiangsu (ˈdʒjæŋˈsuː)|
|a province of E China, on the Yellow Sea: consists mostly of the marshy delta of the Yangtze River, with some of China's largest cities and most densely populated areas. Capital: Nanjing. Pop: 74 060 000 (2003 est). Area: 102 200 sq km (39 860 sq miles)|
|Kiangsu or Kiangsu|
|Nanjing, Nanking or Nan-ching (ˈnænˈdʒɪŋ, ˈnænˈtʃɪŋ, ˈnænˈkɪŋ, ˈnænˈtʃɪŋ)|
|a port in E central China, capital of Jiangsu province, on the Yangtze River: capital of the Chinese empire and a literary centre from the 14th to 17th centuries; capital of Nationalist China (1928--37); site of a massacre of about 300 000 civilians by the invading Japanese army in 1937; university (1928). Pop: 2 806 000 (2005 est)|
|Nanking, Nanking or Nan-ching|
|Nan-ching, Nanking or Nan-ching|
Note: China's imperial capital on several occasions, it was made capital of the Republic of China by Sun Yat-sen in 1912 after the Chinese Revolution, by Nationalist forces of Chiang Kai-shek from 1928 to 1937, and again from 1946 to 1949.
Note: During the Second Sino-Japanese War in the 1930s, Nanjing was the scene of a Japanese massacre (the Rape of Nanking) and became the seat of a puppet regime established by the Japanese.