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napoleon

[nuh-poh-lee-uh n, -pohl-yuh n] /nəˈpoʊ li ən, -ˈpoʊl yən/
noun
1.
a pastry consisting of thin layers of puff paste interlaid with a cream or custard filling.
2.
a former gold coin of France, equal to 20 francs and bearing a portrait either of Napoleon I or of Napoleon III.
3.
Cards.
  1. a game in which the players bid for the privilege of naming the trump, stating the number of tricks they propose to win.
  2. a bid in this game to take all five tricks of a hand.
Origin
1805-1815
1805-15; < French napoléon

Napoleon

[nuh-poh-lee-uh n, -pohl-yuh n] /nəˈpoʊ li ən, -ˈpoʊl yən/
noun
1.
Louis
[loo-ee;; French lwee] /ˈlu i;; French lwi/ (Show IPA),
Napoleon III.
2.
a male given name.

Napoleon I

noun
1.
(Napoleon Bonaparte"the Little Corporal") 1769–1821, French general born in Corsica: emperor of France 1804–15.

Napoleon II

noun
1.
(François Charles Joseph Bonaparte; Duke of Reichstadt) 1811–32, titular king of Rome (son of Napoleon I).

Napoleon III

noun
1.
(Louis Napoleon; Charles Louis Napoleon Bonaparte)
[loo-ee;; French lwee] /ˈlu i;; French lwi/ (Show IPA),
1808–73, president of France 1848–52, emperor of France 1852–70 (nephew of Napoleon I).
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for napoleon
  • Both parties had fought napoleon side by side in the peninsular war.
  • napoleon knew well how to appeal to the exuberant imagination of his newfound friend.
  • When the animals cannot work, napoleon tosses them aside, for they mean nothing to him.
  • Gauss supported monarchy and opposed napoleon, whom he saw as an outgrowth of revolution.
  • It is said that a medal received from napoleon is buried with him.
  • Emperor napoleon iii elected not to have a coronation ceremony.
British Dictionary definitions for napoleon

napoleon

/nəˈpəʊlɪən/
noun
1.
a former French gold coin worth 20 francs bearing a portrait of either Napoleon I or Napoleon III
2.
(cards) the full name for nap3 (sense 1)
3.
the US name for millefeuille
Word Origin
C19: from French napoléon, after Napoleon I

Napoleon I

/nəˈpəʊlɪən/
noun
1.
full name Napoleon Bonaparte. 1769–1821, Emperor of the French (1804–15). He came to power as the result of a coup in 1799 and established an extensive European empire. A brilliant general, he defeated every European coalition against him until, irreparably weakened by the Peninsular War and the Russian campaign (1812), his armies were defeated at Leipzig (1813). He went into exile but escaped and ruled as emperor during the Hundred Days. He was finally defeated at Waterloo (1815). As an administrator, his achievements were of lasting significance and include the Code Napoléon, which remains the basis of French law

Napoleon II

noun
1.
Duke of Reichstadt. 1811–32, son of Napoleon Bonaparte and Marie Louise. He was known as the King of Rome during the first French empire and was entitled Napoleon II by Bonapartists after Napoleon I's death (1821)

Napoleon III

noun
1.
full name Charles Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, known as Louis-Napoleon. 1808–73, Emperor of the French (1852–70); nephew of Napoleon I. He led two abortive Bonapartist risings (1836; 1840) and was elected president of the Second Republic (1848), establishing the Second Empire in 1852. Originally successful in foreign affairs, he was deposed after the disastrous Franco-Prussian War
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for napoleon

Napoleon

used in reference to various qualities and things associated with 19c. French emperors of that name, especially Napoleon I (Bonaparte) (1769-1821): e.g. a gold coin issued by his government and worth 20 francs. As a 12-pound artillery piece, in use in U.S. military from 1857 (in this case, from Napoleon III (1808-1873), under whose rule it was designed). As a type of boot, by 1860; as a card game, by 1876; as a type of rich cake, from 1892; as a type of good brandy, from 1930. The name also was applied by 1821 to anyone thought to have achieved domination in any field by ambition and ruthlessness. Napoleon complex in reference to aggressiveness by short people is attested by 1930. Related: Napoleonic.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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