[na-stur-shuhm, nuh-]
any plant of the genus Tropaeolum, cultivated for its showy, usually orange, red, or yellow flowers or for its fruit, which is pickled and used like capers.

1560–70; < Latin nāsturtium, nāsturcium a kind of cress, taken to mean, perhaps by folk etymology, something that wrings the nose (referring to its acrid smell). See nose, tort, -ium Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
nasturtium (nəˈstɜːʃəm)
any of various plants of the genus Tropaeolum, esp T. major, having round leaves and yellow, red, or orange trumpet-shaped spurred flowers: family Tropaeolaceae
[C17: from Latin: kind of cress, from nāsus nose + tortus twisted, from torquēre to twist, distort; so called because the pungent smell causes one to wrinkle one's nose]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

c.1150, "plant like watercress," from L. nasturtium "cress;" the popular etymology explanation of the name (Pliny) is that it is from L. *nasitortium, lit. "nose-twist," from nasus "nose" + pp. of torquere "to twist" (see thwart); the plant so called for its pungent odor.
Modern application to S.Amer. trailing plant with orange flowers first recorded 1704.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
My first impression was of spices, a bold, peppery flavor reminiscent of the
  nasturtium flower.
Cherries hid under a red mullet in a peppery nasturtium sauce.
Maybe stick to nasturtium and wild sage in your foraging expeditions.
Fresh nasturtium blossoms provide a needed zing of color.
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