Neapolitan

Neapolitan

[nee-uh-pol-i-tn]
adjective
1.
of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Naples: a Neapolitan love song.
noun
2.
a native or inhabitant of Naples.

Origin:
1375–1425; late Middle English Neopolitan < Latin Neāpolītānus. See Naples (< Greek Neā́polis literally, new town), -ite1, -an

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World English Dictionary
Neapolitan (ˌnɪəˈpɒlɪtən)
 
n
1.  a native or inhabitant of Naples
 
adj
2.  of or relating to Naples
 
[C15: from Latin Neāpolītānus, ultimately from Greek Neapolis new town]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Neapolitan
1412, "native or resident of Naples," lit. "of Naples," preserving the Gk. name of the city, Neapolis "New City," from nea, fem. of neos "new" (see neo-) + polis "city" (see policy (1)). Meaning "ice cream of three layers and flavors" is from 1895. In early 18c., Neapolitan
consolation meant "syphilis."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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